A Clearer View

Latest treatment options and news about cataracts, dry eye syndrome and other eye care topics.

What Causes Dry Eyes?

by dwasylow 30 March 2015 11:27 AM

Dry eye syndrome is among the most common vision problems in the United States. A recent survey found nearly 48-percent of Americans regularly suffer from dry eye symptoms.

Dry eyes result from a lack of proper lubrication across the surface of the eyes. Healthy eyes have a moisture layer made up of a combination of mucus, saline (salt water) and lipids. Insufficient amounts of these components, or the wrong mixture of them, causes irritation, sandy or gritty feeling, burning sensation, redness, blurred vision and other dry eye symptoms.

Several factors can contribute to dry eyes.


Dry eyes can affect people at any age, but the condition is much more common in people age 50 and older. By age 65, most people regularly experience dry eye symptoms.


Due to hormonal changes, women are more likely than men to develop dry eyes. Events including pregnancy and menopause may trigger dry eye symptoms. While dry eyes are more common in women, studies suggest more than 1.6 million American men also have the condition.


Antihistamines, blood pressure medications, decongestants and antidepressants can contribute to a reduction in tear production. Of course, these medications serve important purposes, so you should not discontinue use, even if you experience dry eye symptoms, without consulting your physician.

Medical Conditions

People with diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, thyroid disorders, vitamin A deficiency and some other conditions are prone to develop dry eyes. Dry eye symptoms are also fairly common in patients following LASIK surgery.


Living in or visiting dry environments can lead to dry eyes. Factors such as smoke and wind also play a role. Dry eyes may also affect people who stare a computer screens for long periods, as they may blink less frequently.

If you experience dry eye symptoms, contact Gainesville Eye Physicians today for a consultation. We’ll examine your eyes to diagnose the cause of your discomfort. Depending on the nature of your condition, we can provide several treatment options, including LipiFlow if your dry eyes are caused by insufficient lipids.

You can experience dry eye relief. We can show you how.



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